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The author and NatCen Social Research would like to thank Unbound Philanthropy, the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, the Trust for London, the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund and the Paul Hamlyn Foundation for funding the questions reported in this chapter. In addition, we would like to thank the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills for funding the question about students from outside the EU. The views expressed here are those of the authors alone.
Here we summarise people’s views about the economic and social impacts of migration (the two scales shown in Table 5.1). For each scale, those whose score was above the neutral point were rated “positive”, those whose score was equal to neutral were rated neutral, and those whose score was below the neutral point were rated “negative”.
Bases for Table 5.2 are as follows:
Bases for Table 5.3 are as follows:
The question wording for international students read simply “overall do you think the benefits for Britain of international students from outside the European Union outweigh the costs they bring, or do the costs outweigh the benefits?”
For this analysis we use a measure that combines people’s views about the economic and social impacts of migration (that is, the two measures shown in Table 5.1). Those whose average score on the two scales was above the neutral point were rated “positive”, those whose combined score was equal to neutral were rated neutral, those whose average score on both scales was equivalent to a somewhat negative score on each individual scale were rated “somewhat negative” and those whose average across the two scales was equivalent to strongly negative scores on both were rated “strongly negative”.
In 1989, 7 per cent of British Social Attitudes respondents were graduates, and 44 per cent had no qualifications. Now graduates (25 per cent) outnumber those without any qualifications (20 per cent). Meanwhile, the proportion of people in professional and managerial jobs has increased from 35 to 37 per cent, accompanied by a drop from 37 to 29 per cent in the proportion in semi-skilled or unskilled manual work.
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